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Science careers advice for parents, guardians and teachers

Do you want your child / pupil to have a rewarding and well paid career?

Parents and teachers are key influences in career choices for young people. There are a huge variety of challenging and exciting jobs available in science, including laboratory based, office based and field based roles.

To find out how you can encourage young people into science-based careers, view our Guide for Parents, Guardians and Teachers here. 


Why Careers in Science?

Amongst organisations needing people with STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths)
knowledge and skills, 43% have reported difficulties recruiting staff, hence there is a great demand for more young workers with STEM skills and qualifications.

There is an ageing population of workers in the science industries, meaning there is a high
replacement demand. 

Estimates show that the UK science industry has a shortfall of around 40,000 new workers each year, resulting in great job security.

On average, those working in STEM occupations earn 20% more than those working in other fields.

Routes into Science Careers

There are a number of different routes available to enter the science industries:


Traineeships help young people who are interested in Apprenticeships but don’t quite have the grades or experience required to secure one. A Traineeship consists of a ten week education programme and at least 100 hours of work experience with a local science employer which will help to secure employment or an Apprenticeship.


Apprenticeships are a fantastic first step on the career ladder for young people. No longer deemed as a second rate option to university, Apprenticeships are high quality work-based training programmes, where young people earn a wage whilst learning in the workplace. An Apprenticeship provides young people with the essential practical skills sought by employers.

Industrial Placements

Competition in the graduate jobs market has risen dramatically in recent years. Getting a good degree is no longer enough to secure a graduate job. Work experience or industrial placements whilst at university will enhance students CVs and improve their employability by gaining the skills highly sought after by companies.

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